AAFC Report Agriculture Soil Quality
Agri-Environmental Indicators Report #4, 2016
This report, Environmental Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Agri-Environmental Indicator Report Series—Report #4, presents agri-environmental performance results and trends for the 30-year period from 1981 to 2011. The report provides a snapshot of the health of the Canadian agriculture and agri-food system using data from the 2011 Canadian Census of Agriculture. The indicators in this report have been developed using internationally established methodology and are shared with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development where they are used to compare Canada's agri-environmental performance with that of other member nations.
In 2011, the risk of soil erosion resulting from farming activities in Canada was in the "Desired" category. The index illustrates an improving trend, representing a reduction in erosion risk between 1981 and 2011. This reduction is primarily attributed to the widespread adoption of reduced tillage and no-till, as well as decreases in the use of summerfallow in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta.The index tends to aggregate and generalize trends and so should be viewed as a policy tool to give a general overview of state and trend over time.